The most prevalent and under treated disease in the world is gum disease. We take this very seriously as it is the most common cause for tooth loss. And let's not forget that receding and bleeding gums have a very negative impact on your smile.
Before any advanced or aesthetic cosmetic dentistry treatment can be undertaken, we will work with you to restore the heath of your gums. This involves:
• Educating you in the latest cleaning techniques
• Regular visits to our skilled hygienists
• Regular appraisal
Healthy gums are an essential part of a healthy smile and body. Gums, or gingival as we dentists call it, are the lining of the mouth, which helps to anchor the teeth to the jaw. Healthy gums are usually pink in colour.
Recent research has shown how gum disease can affect your general health - potentially increasing the chances of suffering from a heart disease or stroke, diabetes instability, premature birth and low birth weight along with respiratory diseases such as pneumonia.
Poor dental hygiene can mean plaque builds up on your teeth which then leads to gum disease. Plaque is a pale yellow deposit which builds up on the teeth immediately after brushing. It consists of over 1,000 different types of bacteria that form a complex ecosystem called a biofilm.
If plaque is left for too long it can become harmful as bacteria start to multiply. Plaque hardens if left for more than 48 hours and begins to become tarter, also known as calculus. Tarter is similar to lime scale, which you may find in your bathroom. It is extremely hard to remove and needs the help of a dental hygienist.
Gingivitis will result in the gums appearing red and swollen, whilst also bleeding when brushing, flossing or touching the gums.
What causes gingivitis?
Like most gum diseases the most common problem is the build up of plaque and tartar. Other causes are poorly fitted crowns or over hanging fillings that can trap plaque; medications which cause the gums to overgrow; and a dry mouth or inhaling through the mouth.
How do dentists and hygienists treat gingivitis?
The most important part of the treatment is to help you implement a good and regular tooth cleaning technique. This is crucial as without a daily brush the disease will continue to progress regardless of what your hygienist or dentist does.
Once you have a good technique, the dentist can remove any other factors such as over hanging fillings or poorly fitted crowns.
How can I prevent gingivitis?
You have the power to fight gingivitis by giving your teeth a thorough brush twice a day - that includes cleaning between the teeth with interdental brushes or floss.
A regular visit to your dentist and hygienist is also important to spot the early signs of gingivitis.
is the most common cause of tooth loss as it results in a breakdown of the bone and gum attached to the teeth.
The disease can result in sensitive teeth, bleeding gums, bad breath, loose teeth, multiple infections, long looking teeth and pain. Tarter and plaque can make the gum attachment looser, If periodontal disease is caught early than teeth can be saved.
What causes periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease can occur depending on the degree of plaque on the gums and teeth along with your susceptibility to getting the disease. Things that make you more susceptible include health problems e.g. diabetes along with stress, smoking, hereditary factors, tooth grinding, poorly fitted dental work and a dry mouth.
With all gum diseases the most common cause is the build up of plaque as the longer it has been present on your gums and teeth the more harmful the bacteria can be.
How do dentists and hygienists treat periodontal disease?
Periodontal disease is treated the same way as gingivitis, by a good cleaning regime that reaches all areas of the mouth. Cleaning from the dentist and hygienist is only valuable if followed up with thorough cleaning at home.
How can I prevent periodontal disease?
Brushing at least twice a day, along with using interdental brushes or floss can prevent periodontal disease. Your dentist and hygienist can spot early signs in preventing your mouth from gum disease, so regular visits to the dentist are vital.